The tags covered in this section are listed below.
|book - Book|
|article - Article|
|refentry - Equivalent of a man page|
|chapter - Chapter of a book or an article|
|sect1 ... sect5 - Sections and subsections of a chapter|
|title - Text of a heading or the title of a block-oriented element|
|para - Paragraph|
Example 3-1. Chapters and sections
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.4//EN"> <book id="hello-world" lang="en"> <bookinfo> <title>Hello, world</title> </bookinfo> <chapter id="introduction"> <title>Introduction</title> <para>This is the introduction. It has two sections</para> <sect1 id="about-this-book"> <title>About this book</title> <para>This is my first DocBook file.</para> </sect1> <sect1 id="work-in-progress"> <title>Warning</title> <para>This is still under construction.</para> </sect1> </chapter> </book>
The above example shows a skeleton of the structural tags. The first line is the DTD declaration which indicates which DTD to use to process this document (namely DocBook version 4.4). This information will be described in more detail in the Document Type Declaration section.
Next comes the content model, which is <book> here. You can also use <article>, which is more lightweight than <book>, or <refentry> which is the equivalent of a UNIX man page.
Note the use of the lang attribute in the <book> tag. The language attribute should always be used to make it easy to determine what language in which the document is written.
After the <book> tag comes the meta information for the document which is encapsulated within the <bookinfo> tag. This information will be described in more detail in the Meta Information section.
Then come the chapters of your book, which may contain one or more section tags (<sect1> - <sect5>). Human-readable (not numerical) ID attributes for <chapter> and <sect> tags are required for two reasons:
Labelling all of the sections of your document allows you to easily cross-reference your document with hyperlinks.
Jade uses the ID's of Chapters to name the output files, so if you do not include ID's for all your Chapters, the file names will be different each time the docs are updated, which wastes space in CVS.
Chapters and sections must contain at least a <title> and an empty <para> tag. The place where certain elements can occur, cannot occur or must occur is defined by the DocBook DTD, and is covered in detail by the Reference Guide.
Content in DocBook is contained within a <para> tag, which is very similar to the <p> tag in HTML and LinuxDoc except that it must always have a closing </para> tag. Each time there can be a line break in some text (like in a list item), it means that the text will have to be enclosed in <para> tags.
Let's summarise and extend what we have seen so far. A book will be structured in the following way:
An article will be structured in the following way: